The Longshore and Harbor Workers’ Compensation Act

The Federal Longshore and Harbor Workers’ Compensation Act (the Longshore Act) provides compensation for lost wages, medical benefits and rehabilitation services to approximately 500,000 workers nationwide. The Longshore Act applies to maritime workers who are not members of a crew of a vessel and who are injured or contract occupational diseases on the navigable waters of the United States or in adjoining waterfront areas such as docks, piers, marine terminals or marinas.

The Longshore Act covers longshoremen and dock workers, as well as most other workers on the waterfront, including marina workers, fuel delivery men, bridge builders, ship builders, ship repairmen, lumpers and most persons doing construction on the waterfront. Just like with state workers’ compensation laws, an injured employee who qualifies for benefits under the Longshore Act will receive benefits regardless of fault.

Workers who receive benefits under the Longshore Act also have the right to file a third party lawsuit against the person or company that caused the injuries if that person or company was someone other than the victim’s co-workers or employer.

Compensation Under the Longshore Act

The Longshore Act provides:

  • 2/3 of your average weekly wage for as long as you are totally and permanently disabled. Permanent and total disability means that the claimant is totally without earning capacity.
  • 2/3 of your average weekly wage for temporary total disability. If you are able to return to work but you earn less than your average weekly wage at the time of your injury, you are entitled to compensation equal to 2/3 of the difference between your average weekly wage at the time of your injury and your wages following the injury until you reach maximum medical recovery.
  • Death benefits to survivors
  • Medical treatment and equipment
  • Vocational rehabilitation for permanently disabled employees
  • Damages for lost body parts

Our maritime lawyers have secured compensation for many onshore maritime workers under the Longshore Act, including:

  • Harbor workers
  • Crane operators
  • Longshoremen
  • Dock workers
  • Stevedores
  • Shipbuilders

Other Laws and Time Limitations to File a Claim May Apply

The Longshore Act allows claims up to a year after the accident that caused the injury, which means it is important to seek legal advice and representation right away. Some onshore workers may be covered by the Jones Act rather than or in addition to the Longshore Act. Some onshore maritime workers may qualify for state workers’ compensation benefits.

Determining which laws apply to your situation is the important first step to beginning the legal process and recovering money for your injuries. In all cases, having an attorney who understands the different requirements of the different applicable laws can mean the difference between having a claim delayed or denied and receiving full and fair compensation in a timely way.

If you have been injured in a mishap while working in a dry dock, suffered a crane accident while unloading a container ship or hurt while employed in the shipbuilding industry, you may qualify for compensation under the Longshore Act or other maritime laws. Contact the maritime attorneys at Latti & Anderson LLP as soon as possible to learn about your rights under the law. We serve clients nationwide.